Citing the threat of vehicle emissions spurring climate change-induced crises on the West Coast, Gov. Gavin Newsom signed an executive order Wednesday phasing out the sale of gasoline-powered passenger vehicles by 2035.
The order would require all new cars and passenger trucks sold in the state after 2035 to be zero-emission vehicles, with the goal of reducing and, ultimately, eliminating the state's reliance on fossil fuels.
The order would reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the state by 35%, according to Newsom's office. Roughly 50% of the state's greenhouse gas emissions come from vehicle transportation alone.
The California Air Resources Board will also develop regulations that would mandate the use of zero-emission medium- and heavy-duty vehicles by 2045.
Newsom argued that recent heat waves and subsequent wildfires that have burned millions of acres across the West Coast required the state to accelerate its efforts to combat climate change.
"Of all the simultaneous crises that we face as a state and, I would argue, as a nation ... none is more impactful, none is more forceful than the issue of the climate crisis," Newsom said.
The order, Newsom argued, would also help vehicle manufacturers in the state stay competitive and innovative in the global market.
Newsom lauded manufacturers like Ford, Volvo, BMW and Honda for signing agreements with the state to make vehicles that align with the state's emission standards rather than the more lenient fuel economy standards approved by the Trump administration.
"They get it. There are some automobile manufacturers that don't," he said. "They've been pushing back against California's leadership in the past and they're on the wrong side of history."
Environmentalists have accused Newsom of failing to follow his own rhetoric of the importance of combating climate change by approving permits for oil drilling and hydraulic fracturing.
Newsom said he does not have the authority to formally ban fracking, punting the issue to the state Legislature and committing to working with state lawmakers in the 2021 legislative session on a formal statewide fracking phase-out by 2024.
"I want to put fracking in perspective: it's less than 2% of the (oil) production in the state of California," Newsom said. "It is substantive but it also is symbolic."
California Air Resources Board Chair Mary Nichols suggested vehicle manufacturers are in "an arms race" to improve their electric vehicle technology while simultaneously making them attainable for lower-income residents.
"It's an electric race to get cheaper and more effective batteries and it's one that manufacturers around the world are competing in because that's the prize, the zero-emission vehicle that's affordable by everybody," Nichols said.
Newsom said he couldn't identify another state with more ambitious climate goals than California, citing the state's plan to make its economy entire carbon-free by 2045.
"We have to deliver more than platitudes," he said. "We have to deliver more than proposals and promises well into the future. We've got to deliver in the application of our ideals."