Existing-home sales across the U.S. sprang ahead in May to their highest pace in almost a decade, while the uptick in demand this spring amidst lagging supply levels pushed the median sales price to an all-time high.
According to the National Association of Realtors, all major regions except for the Midwest saw strong sales increases last month.
Total existing-home sales, which are completed transactions that include single-family homes, townhomes, condominiums and co-ops, grew 1.8% to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 5.53 million in May from a downwardly revised 5.43 million in April.
With last month's gain, sales are now up 4.5% from May 2015 (5.29 million) and are at their highest annual pace since February 2007 (5.79 million).
Lawrence Yun, NAR chief economist, said existing sales continue to hum along, rising in May for the third consecutive month.
"This spring's sustained period of ultra-low mortgage rates has certainly been a worthy incentive to buy a home, but the primary driver in the increase in sales is more homeowners realizing the equity they've accumulated in recent years and finally deciding to trade-up or downsize," Yun said.
"With first-time buyers still struggling to enter the market, repeat buyers using the proceeds from the sale of their previous home as their down payment are making up the bulk of home purchases right now," he added.
Yun said: "Barring further deceleration in job growth that could ultimately temper demand from these repeat buyers, sales have the potential to mostly maintain their current pace through the summer."
Surpassing the peak median sales price set last June ($236,300), the median existing-home price for all housing types in the U.S. May was $239,700, up 4.7% from May 2015 ($228,900). May's price increase marks the 51st consecutive month of year-over-year gains.
Total housing inventory at the end of May rose 1.4% to 2.15 million existing homes available for sale, but is still 5.7% lower than a year ago (2.28 million). Unsold inventory is at a 4.7-month supply at the current sales pace, which is unchanged from April.
"Existing inventory remains subdued throughout much of the country and continues to lag even last year's deficient amount," Yun said. "While new home construction has thankfully crept higher so far this year, there's still a glaring need for even more, to help alleviate the supply pressures that are severely limiting choices and pushing prices out of reach for plenty of prospective first-time buyers."
The share of first-time buyers was 30% in May, down from 32% both in April and a year ago. First-time buyers in all of 2015 also represented an average of 30%.
According to Freddie Mac, the average commitment rate (link is external) for a 30-year, conventional, fixed-rate mortgage inched backward from 3.61% in April to 3.60% in May, which is the lowest since May 2013 (3.54%). The average commitment rate for all of 2015 was 3.85%.
Properties typically stayed on the market for 32 days in May (39 days in April), which is below a year ago (40 days) and the shortest time since NAR began tracking in May 2011. Short sales were on the market the longest at a median of 103 days in May, while foreclosures sold in 51 days and non-distressed homes took 30 days. Forty-nine percent of homes sold in May were on the market for less than a month.
May inventory data from Realtor.com showed that the top five metropolitan statistical areas where listings stayed on the market the shortest amount of time were San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward and Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue in Washington state, both at a median of 25 days. In the San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara region, there were on the market for 26 days, and they were on the market for 30 days in the Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, Colo. and Vallejo-Fairfield, Calif. areas.
Earlier this month, NAR released a new survey looking at the home buying opportunities of student debt borrowers who are current in their repayment. The findings affirmed the notion that repaying student debt is a contributing factor to the low home ownership rate among young adults and the under performing share of first-time buyers.
Nearly three-quarters of non-homeowners in the survey believed that their student debt is delaying them from buying a home, with most of them citing not being able to save for a down payment as the primary reason.
"At a time of historically low interest rates, responsible student loan borrowers should have the opportunity to refinance their loans from their current rates, which can oftentimes run over double-digit percentage points," said NAR President Tom Salomone, broker-owner of Real Estate II Inc. in Coral Springs, Florida.
"In addition to policy proposals that streamline income-based repayment programs and allow student loan borrowers the ability to refinance into lower rates, NAR supports those that promote student loan simplification, clarity and education," he added. "Furthermore, it's important that mortgage underwriting guidelines related to student loan debt are standardized and do not impair home ownership opportunities."
All-cash sales were 22% of transactions in May, down from both 24% in April and a year ago. Individual investors, who account for many cash sales, purchased 13% of homes in May, unchanged from April and down from 14% a year ago. Sixty-three percent of investors paid cash in May.
Distressed sales, including foreclosures and short sales, declined to 6% of sales in May, down from 7% in April and 10% a year ago. Five percent of May sales were foreclosures and 1% were short sales. Foreclosures sold for an average discount of 12% below market value in May (17% in April), while short sales were discounted 11% (10% in April).
Single-family home sales increased 1.9% to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 4.90 million in May from 4.81 million in April, and are now 4.7% higher than the 4.68 million pace a year ago. The median existing single-family home price was $241,000 in May, up 4.6% from May 2015.
Existing condominium and co-op sales rose 1.6% to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 630,000 units in May from 620,000 in April, and are now 3.3% above May 2015 (610,000 units). The median existing condo price was $229,600 in May, which is 6.0% above a year ago.
Existing-home sales in the West jumped 5.4% to an annual rate of 1.18 million in May, but are still 1.7% lower than a year ago. The median price in the West was $346,900, which is 7.7% above May 2015.
May existing-home sales in the Northeast increased 4.1% to an annual rate of 770,000, and are now 11.6% above a year ago. The median price in the Northeast was $268,600, which is 0.1% below May 2015.
In the Midwest, existing-home sales dropped 6.5% to an annual rate of 1.30 million in May, but are still 3.2% above May 2015. The median price in the Midwest was $190,000, up 4.8% from a year ago.
Existing-home sales in the South expanded 4.6% to an annual rate of 2.28 million in May, and are now 6.5% above May 2015. The median price in the South was $211,500, up 5.9% from a year ago.