How Gov't Took Control Over Education...and 3 (Shocking) Goals of Public Education
Original post made by Carol, Downtown, on May 31, 2009
In the 1840s, American intellectuals and education theorists such as Horace Mann adopted the German educational theory that children belong to the government, not their parents. In 1717, King Frederick William I of Prussia (today's Germany) set up Europe's first national, gov't-controlled school system. Mann and a small group of influential American education activists visited Prussia to examine their schools and came home to the US praising them. They admired how the Prussian system gave their education bureaucrats complete control over the children's minds and education and molded children into obedient citizens. The Prussian school philosophy was expounded in 1917 by Franz de Hovre:
" The prine funciton of German ecuation is that it is based on a national principle...A fundamental feature of German education: eduation to the State, education for the State, education by the State. The State is the supreme end in view."
One of the key contributors to the Prissian school system (Johann Fichte) said that "schools must fashion the person, and fashion him in such a way that he simply cannot will otherwise than what you wish him to will."
It is no coincidence that the Nazis gained power in Germany.
Mann and his colleagues studied the Prussian schools and then pushed to impose the same system here. They vigorously lobbied state legislatures to create govt-controlled public schools. State politicians of the day listened to these arguments and created the 1st state-run school system in Massachusetts in 1852. Over the next 50 years, with much political fighting, all states in the union created similar public-school systems. Mann pushed for and received mandatory schooling which forced parents to send their children to these schools.
Mann and others imported three main ideas from the authoritarian Prussian schools
1. The purpose of state schooling was NOT intellectual training but the conditioning of children to obedience, subordination and collective life. Thus memorization outranked thinking.
2. Whole ideas were broken down into fragmented subjects and school days were divided into fixed periods, so that self-motivation to learn would be muted by ceaseless interruptions.
3. The State was essentially the "true parent" of the children. Schools were to usurp parents' job of raising and educating their children and teaching them moral values.
Now that you better understand the origins and goals of public schooling...and also know that there is NEVER enough money to satisfy educational bureaucrats...
I hope you will VOTE NO on Tuesday for more of your hard-earned dollars to pour into our government-run schools