Gov. Jerry Brown Friday proclaimed a drought state of emergency in what is expected to be the driest year on record in California.
Brown ordered state agencies to take actions to prepare for emergency conditions and called on Californians to reduce water consumption voluntarily by 20%.
"We have to recognize this is not a partisan adversary," Brown said at a news conference in his office at the State Building in San Francisco.
"This is Mother Nature. We have to live within the resources we have," the governor said.
Brown's proclamation says state water supplies have dipped to "alarming levels," with mountain snowpacks at 20 percent of normal for this time of year, reduced surface flow in rivers and significant drops in reservoir and groundwater levels.
The proclamation includes a series of executive orders requiring state agencies to aid affected farmers and communities by expediting water
transfers and releasing stored water from reservoirs.
State agencies were also ordered to develop water conservation plans. The Department of Forestry will hire additional seasonal firefighters,
Brown said he hopes to get federal aid to deal with the drought but said he did not know specifically what that aid might be.
Brown said he hopes the environmental analysis of his Delta Plan, which proposes two 35-mile tunnels to divert water to Central and Southern California, will speed up. Some conservationists and local officials have opposed the plan.
Brown said allocating water in California entails conflicts between northern and southern and urban and rural parts of the state, but said, "We all depend on one another."
California Farm Bureau Federation President Paul Wenger said he welcomed the proclamation.
Wenger urged Brown to lead a campaign for increased water storage facilities to provide more flexibility in the face of volatile weather patterns.
"Conservation alone won't solve our chronic water supply problems. California must commit to improve its water system," Wenger said in a statement.
Outside the State Building, a group of about 25 members of several environmental groups chanted and carried signs urging Brown to end fracking
in California. Fracking, the hydraulic fracturing of underground rock to release oil, uses millions of gallons of water.
David Turnbull, campaigns director for Oil Change International, said, "To allow water-intensive fracking for oil to continue in a drought is to deny the reality of what California's farmers and communities are facing every day."
Across the Bay in Berkeley, University of California President Janet Napolitano announced that the university's goal of reducing per capita water use by 20% across the UC system by 2020.
Napolitano said the university's faculty, staff and students are stepping up to take on the challenge to preserve water.
The 2020 goal complements the university's Carbon Neutrality Initiative and other sustainability projects, according to Napolitano.
"These efforts are critical to addressing the formidable water, energy and climate challenges facing California, the nation and the world,"
Napolitano said in a statement.
The campaign will be discussed at the UC Board of Regents meeting in San Francisco next week as part of a presentation of the annual Report on