Schools in San Jose and Pittsburg have been closed as a result of the swine flu, but so far, there are no reports of anyone from Alameda County with the illness.
A student from Branham High School in San Jose has tested positive for the respiratory illness, forcing the closure of the school until May 6, according to the Campbell Union High School District.
The student was last in school Thursday, but to limit exposure the Santa Clara County Department of Health and the school district decided to
close the high school for a week, according to the school district's website.
Seven days is the regular incubation period for the virus, according to the school district.
Highlands Elementary School in Pittsburg was closed Wednesday in response to three students who have been diagnosed with probable cases of the swine flu, Contra Costa Health Services spokeswoman Kate Fowlie said.
The school will remain closed until May 6, a Pittsburg Unified School District employee said. As of 8 a.m., no other schools in the district
were closed. Two probable cases of swine flu have also been reported in Marin County.
Thirteen students in the same class at Highlands Elementary School were sent home with flu-like symptoms Tuesday, according to Superintendent
Barbara Wilson. She said the school quickly tripled its custodial staff to clean the classroom and areas students would go as a group.
Sherri Willis, a spokeswoman for the Alameda County Public Health Department, said she was told Wednesday morning that test results from 45 specimen taken will not be available for 24 to 48 hours.
Kevin Johnson, senior director of pupil services for the Pleasanton Unified School District, said at Tuesday night's board meeting that the district is working closely with county health and area doctors.
"We're taking the opportunity to review our policy on wellness," he said. "If students have the flu, students should be free of fever for 24 hours without help of medication to come back to school."
Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger declared a state of emergency in response to the virus Tuesday morning. A state of emergency allows the California Emergency Management Agency to start working with the state Department of Public Health to prevent the disease from spreading, governor's spokesman Jeff Macedo said.
California Department of Public Health Chief Deputy Director Dr. Bonnie Sorensen said Tuesday that swine flu and regular flu produce practically the same symptoms -- a fever of at least 100 degrees and a cough or sore throat -- there is no red flag that a person has the virus.
Residents are urged to see a doctor if such symptoms are noticed. Health officials have said the illness appears to be treatable.
Bay Area health officials Tuesday began reporting the region's first probable cases of swine flu. California Department of Public Health Director Dr. Mark Horton said a probable case means lab officials identified the virus as influenza A, the same category of influenza as the swine flu. However, health officials still have not determined whether the sub type of the influenza A is the swine flu.
The swine flu, as of 8 a.m. today, has also sickened 51 people in New York City, 16 in Texas, two in Kansas, two in Massachusetts, two in
Michigan, one in Nevada, one in Arizona, one in Indiana and one in Ohio, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The first United States swine flu death was reported Wednesday morning--a toddler in Texas died of the illness after traveling to the state from Mexico City to visit relatives, according to the Associated Press.
The boy, nearly 2 years old, had "underlying health issues" when he came to Brownsville, a Texas border town, on April 4 and developed flu symptoms four days later, the Texas Department of State Health Services said. He was taken to a Brownsville hospital April 13 and transferred to the following day to a hospital in Houston, where he died Monday night. More than 100 deaths in Mexico are suspected of being related to
The swine flu outbreak was first reported in the U.S. in late March in Southern California and Texas, according to health officials. It is
spread mainly person-to-person through coughing and sneezing.
Though not airborne, the virus can spread through germs. Residents are advised to cover their noses and mouths with a tissue when coughing or
sneezing, wash hands often with soap and water, and avoid touching their eyes, noses and mouths.